Chlamydia Trachomatis & LGV (Lymphogranuloma Venereum)


  1. What causes Chlamydia Trachomatis?

  2. How long does it take for it to show after contact ?

  3. What are the symptoms of Chlamydia ?

  4. What complications can arise if it is left untreated ?


What causes Chlamydia Trachomatis?

Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) is an obligate intracellular bacterium, which behaves like a virus.

There are many different varieties. 

( Some seem to show themselves and give their host symptoms, while others seem to hide and linger in the background, causing potential problems for their host’s fertility in the years to come. )

How long does it take for Chlamydia to show after contact ?

It can take a week to several months – and, in some cases years – fails to show in its host.

· Some types show signs and give symptoms which mimic viruses.

· Others lie dormant without giving signs or showing symptoms until triggered.

What are the symptoms of Chlamydia ?

Young women may notice one or more symptoms – eg.:

· Abnormal vaginal discharge.

· Pain on passing urine.

· Lower abdominal pain.

· Pain with sex.

· Salpingitis – inflammation of the fallopian tubes.

· Bleeding between periods.

· Bleeding after sex.

· Heavier than usual periods.

· Pain or cramps in your stomach or lower back – particularly after sex.

· Sore throat.

· Inflammation of the rectum (proctitis).

However, 70-80% of women have no symptoms.

Young men may notice – eg.:

· Discharge from the tip of your penis.

· Pain on passing urine.

· Itching around the opening of your penis.

· Orchitis – ie. pain or swelling of your testicles.

· Prostatitis – ie. inflammation of the prostate gland.

· Painful ejaculation.

· Sore throat.

· Inflammation of the rectum (proctitis).

However, 50% of men have no symptoms.

What complications can arise if Chlamydia is left untreated ?

In women, if it remains untreated:

· Your fallopian tubes may become inflamed and blocked.

· Your ovaries and womb may become involved causing abdominal pain leaving you with PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease). See also Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).

· You may have an increased risk of ectopic (tubal) pregnancy; and/or

· Increased risk of infertility (being unable to have a baby) as a result of damaged fallopian tubes.

In young men, if Chlamydia remains untreated: 

· Your sperm carrying tubes may become inflamed, scarred or blocked which can increase your risk of infertility. See Epididymo-Orchitis.

· Your prostate gland may become affected and ejaculation may be painful.


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