Your site helped me feel much more comfortable with my body and I hope that my pictures can help another woman feel the same way.
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
The Female Reproductive System
Development of a Baby
The Hymen (Hymen Mytriformis)(new name Vaginal Corona – latin for Crown)
(aka a circle of maidens (carunculae mytriformis)
Hormone Control Centres: Hypothalamus & Pituitary
Fertilisation to Implantation
Menstrual Hormones: The Hormonal Axis
THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
The first day of a period is known as the FIRST day of the NEXT menstrual cycle. In Family Planning, this is an important day for a woman to note each month – not the last day of a period. You will always be asked for this date when visiting a qualified medical practitioner or health professional for related health care.
- Not all women have regular 28-day menstrual cycles.
- Not all women ovulate on day 14 of their cycle.
If they did, then planning a family would be simple; no mistakes would be made when calculating safe times for unprotected sex, and the vast numbers of unplanned pregnancies worldwide would drop to zero.
Development of a Baby
From the 10th week of life, in utero, the external genitalia of a foetus start to show.A baby girl should be born with an intact vagina, cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes, with two ovaries already buried deep within her pelvic cavity.To be able to view any of these female reproductive organs, access is through the vulva – the well protected vaginal opening.
The vulva consists of several outer folds to protect the vagina.They are:
- the mons pubis.
- the outer and inner lips (labia majora and labia minora).
- the clitoris.
- vestibule and urethra.
- two pairs of lubricating glands – Skene’s glands and Bartholin’s Glands.
Generally, the mons pubis is covered with pubic hair in the shape of a triangle, with a straight line across the top, level with the woman’s stomach.
If the pattern is more diamond-shaped, with hair growing towards the tummy button (umbilicus), as in men, it may indicate an increase in testosterone production.
This may be symptomatic of very common fertility problems, such as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
- The increase in testosterone level has no effect on a woman’s femininity or sexual preference, but she may have a stronger sex drive.
However, her fertility may be affected because an increased level of testosterone may interfere with ovulation.
The labia majora are two large round pads which merge at the top to form the mons pubis.
They are called labia majora or ‘large lips’ and can be found either side of the vaginal entrance.
- They are the female equivalent to the male scrotum.
- They are firm and covered with pubic hair.
- They become more flaccid with the fat pads thinning out as a woman gets older.
- They contain sebaceous or oil and sweat producing glands around the hair follicles.
- They cover the vaginal opening to protect against general infection and disease.
The labia minora are smaller, inner lips which do not have pubic hair covering them.
- They fold over the vagina completely, sealing it and protecting it from general bacteria in the surrounding area.
- They gently cover the urethra, like a small tent, to ensure that urine, when passed, is directed downwards.
- Their upper portion covers the clitoris and is the equivalent of an uncircumcised man’s foreskin.
- They are highly erotic and respond instantly to sexual stimulation.
- On arousal, the veins within them constrict.
- The blood that has rushed to them cannot escape – much the same way as when a penis becomes erect.
- The engorged lips grip the penis during intercourse. The swelling helps to stop semen spill out of the vaginal vault after ejaculation.
The sebaceous glands in the labia minora release smegma – a white lubricant – just as men’s sebaceous glands do underneath their foreskin.
- If the smegma isn’t washed away each day, its build-up can irritate and inflame the skin.
As a young woman develops, her labia minora become more obvious and extend beyond the labia majora.
The size of the labia minora is not related to the frequency of masturbation, as was once suggested.
It is normal for both men and women to masturbate. When a couple is emotionally close they can also empower each other with the knowledge of what each like. Therefore, sexual pleasure can be enhanced through mutual masturbation.
The clitoris is situated just below the mons pubis. This is where the top of the large and small lips join.Having developed from the same foetal tissue as the penis, the clitoris consists of highly erotic tissue which is comparable to the glans penis.
- For protection, it is covered by a small hood or prepuce.
- The prepuce is tight in young women – but loosens with maturity.
- The clitoris, like the penis, can vary in shape and size.
- During sexual arousal, the clitoris expands from about 2 cm to 4 cm.
- It is extremely sensitive and direct manipulation (touching) can sometimes cause pain.
The entire vulval area is covered with nerve endings which adjoin the clitoris. Therefore, sexual stimulation anywhere in the vulval area can increase response sufficiently to produce an orgasm.
During foetal development, there are two separate areas of vaginal development – upper and lower tissue development. Where these areas meet – approx 12 mm inside the vaginal opening – a membranous plate forms.This is called the hymen. Usually, as a young girl develops, this plate opens in the middle and the membrane shrinks away. In babies, this hole is tiny but, as a young girl grows, the opening is usually big enough to allow menstrual blood to pass through.
- Often, the hymen enlarges naturally, without penetration.
- If a young woman uses tampons, the hole will increase a little at a time.
- She may not experience any pain or bleeding when she first has penetrative sex.
If she has pain and difficulty, gentle finger insertion can increase the size of the opening and eventually she will be able to allow a penis entry without discomfort.
Some young women have a particularly thick hymen or solid hymenal plate, which does not allow blood to escape during menstruation. Blood flows back through the uterus into the pelvic cavity, causing recurrent pelvic pain. Therefore, hymenotomy (surgical opening of the hymen) may be necessary.
Once the hymen is open (broken) the remnants leave a fleshy ring – called a circle of maidens (carunculae mytriformis) – which can be felt as rugged tissue inside the small vaginal lips. If the remnants are long and annoying they can be removed surgically.
In some parts of the world, where proving virginity by bleeding on the wedding night is important women, who have had sexual intercourse previously, may find a surgeon who is prepared to ‘repair’ or sew together the hymen remnants, so they can be ‘broken’ during intercourse. This may, however, be considered a form of FGM (female genital mutilation), and it illegal in most countries around the world now. In other areas, young women practice anal sex in the belief that this will ensure that they will retain their virginity. They hope to bleed on their wedding night if they preserve their hymen by not having penetrative vaginal sex.
- Penetrative anal sex carries serious health risks.
- See also SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS.
Situated between the pubic bone and the vaginal entrance, the urethra (urine passage) carries urine out of the body from the bladder.
- Women have a much shorter urethra than men.
- Being only 4 to 6 cm long, it is also prone to infection.
Bacteria can travel easily up the urethra to the bladder, particularly during sex or through poor hygiene after opening the bowels.
During vigorous and/or occasional sex:
- The penis may hit the base of the bladder, causing irritation (similar to bruising) although the reproductive organs are not affected. This condition is known as honeymoon cystitis.
- Vaginal fluid may be massaged into the entrance of the man’s urethra – or into the woman’s cervix from his urethra – allowing bacteria easy passage to the uterus, fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity.
In particular, the bacterial sexually transmitted infection Chlamydia, may be transmitted during cervical massaging.
- Chlamydia can cause recurrent urethritis (inflammation of the urethra).
- Chlamydia can cause tubal infection, and subsequent infertility, in women and men.
See also Sexually Transmitted Infections: Chlamydia.
Two small ducts known as Skene’s glands, lie alongside the urethra. They secrete a lubricating fluid during sexual stimulation.
- The ducts can become blocked if a bacterial infection, such as gonorrhoea, is caught.
- As the glands swell, the ducts may close, trapping pockets of bacteria.
- This can lead to infection of the vagina, cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes.
This, in turn, may cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) which can result in infertility. See also Sexually Transmitted Infections: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).
There is another pair of glands at the lower vaginal opening called Bartholin’s glands. These ducts surface on the small lips – ie. the labia minora.
Any vaginal infection can seep into these ducts and cause swelling – sometimes to the size of a golf ball.
If a cyst forms, this is unlikely to be painful. However, if an abscess forms, this will be very painful.
- The most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections are Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea, and where the vaginal vault is infected, the risk of infertility is higher.
Early treatment of Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea is, therefore, essential.
See also Sexually Transmitted Infections: Gonorrhoea. Chlamydia.
Situated about an inch below the vagina, the anus is the opening to the rectum.
Like the clitoris and vagina, the anus is a sexually sensitive area.
It is essential that girls are taught from the earliest age, to wipe from front to back after defecation (opening the bowels), to avoid contracting urinary tract infections caused by poor hygiene.
If vaginal sex follows anal sex then the risk of vaginal infection is very high.
- Condoms must always be used – and changed – before going from anus to vagina.
The vagina is a self-cleansing passage between the uterus and the outside of the body.
- It is coated with moist secretions and cleans itself continuously.
- It is approximately 10 to 12 cm long.
- It is made of tissue similar to that which lines the mouth.
- It acts as a channel for menstrual blood to leave the body.
- It guides the penis and holds a pool of semen close to the cervix after ejaculation.
- It is fantastically elastic – lined by rugae (folds) which expand to allow a baby to enter the world.
- It can contract sufficiently to hug a slim finger tightly.
- It can be squeezed at will and good pelvic muscle tone is important to prevent incontinence and prolapse.
- The ability to control and squeeze during sex enhances mutual pleasure.
The cervix (neck of the womb) is a short, valve like organ, situated between the vagina and the body of the uterus.
- It is approximately 4 cm in diameter, round and movable, with a dimple in the centre, which feels similar to the end of the nose.
- Sperm pass to the uterus and menstrual blood escapes from the body through it.
- Babies pass through the cervix during vaginal delivery.
- It defends the pelvic organs from bacteria and other microscopic foreign matter.
- The tiny central passage is blocked by infertile mucus until the fertile time of the menstrual cycle.
- Then, it allows sperm passage to the fallopian tubes.
If it is damaged, production of cervical mucus may be upset, causing an increased risk of infertility.
- This may be temporary or permanent, depending on the cause.
- It is not fully mature until a female is approx 23 years of age.
It is particularly vulnerable to infection from sexually transmitted invisible strains of HPV (Human Papilloma Virus/Genital Wart Virus) – and nicotine.
See also Sexually Transmitted Infections: HPV (Human Papilloma Virus).
As a woman matures, so does the transformation zone of her cervix.
The uterus is a stretchy, pear-shaped organ about 7.5 cm long, which is suspended in the pelvic cavity by ligaments.
- It holds approx one teaspoon of fluid.
- Made of smooth muscle cells, it is elastic and vascular.
- Under the influence of hormones, it moves constantly throughout the menstrual cycle, contracting and relaxing.
- Each month, it contracts strongly to shed its lining (endometrium) during menstruation – unless pregnancy occurs – but it contracts even more strongly during labour.
- In pregnancy, it can expand to 40 times its normal size.
Approximately 10 cm long, the fallopian tubes branch from the upper corners of the uterus.
Ova are transported along fallopian tubes and fertilisation occurs within them.
They are thickly lined with tall cells which have brush-like tips known as cilia.
The soft, invisible cilia sweep in a uniform direction towards the uterus. They waft an egg forward, yet go against any sperm that may be trying to gain access up the tube.
They secrete an enzyme-rich substance which devours some of the sticky coating surrounding the egg, making it more receptive to penetration by the sperm.
To assist sperm with their tracking system, there is a down flow of fluid to guide the sperm
Each fallopian tube has four segments:
An interstitial or inter-muscular portion inside the uterus, which has a pinhead sized opening into/from the uterus.
The isthmus – a narrow portion.
The ampulla – slightly larger and the usual site of fertilisation.
The fimbria – soft, flaring finger-like projections at the end. One fimbria is attached to the ovary, the rest hang free
An egg has no means of motion so it must rely upon the fimbria to catch it as it falls from the ovary.
The enzyme-inducing cilia then waft the egg along the fallopian tube towards the ampulla – where it may meet a sperm.
Fertilisation requires optimal conditions and damage from infection greatly reduces successful conception.
Hormone Control Centres: Hypothalamus & Pituitary
From puberty, the brain controls the many hormonal changes necessary for ovulation to take place each month.
The pea-sized pituitary gland – often referred to as the ‘leader of the hormonal orchestra’ – can be found at the base of the brain.
Its assistant, the hypothalamus, can be located nearby.
These two glands are responsible for stimulating the production of follicles in the ovaries and alter cervical mucus, every month. In men, they stimulate the production of sperm cells, continuously.
The female ovaries – also known as gonads – are similar to male testicles.
Supported by ligaments, they are suspended on both sides of the uterus, in the abdominal cavity.
They release eggs and produce the hormones oestrogen and progesterone.
A baby girl is born with her life’s supply of eggs – approx 300,000 – of which only about 1 in 1,000 will develop and mature later in life.
From puberty, approx 30 immature follicles attempt to ripen each month – but usually, only one egg out-sizes the others and is released.
Sometimes, one ovary is more active than the other. In which case, the woman may not ovulate alternately but will ovulate from the same ovary consecutively.
When a girl is young, her ovaries are small, round and white.
As she matures, they grow to between 2.5 and 5 cm long and, with increasing ovulation, the surface becomes pitted.
After the menopause, ovaries shrivel and become small again.
If one ovary is damaged or missing, the other compensates, increasing its hormone output to keep circulating levels stable.
The age of a woman’s menopause is pre-determined by her genetic make-up, generally following her mother’s pattern and biological time-clock.
Releasing Hormones (RH) triggered by the hypothalamus influence ovulation so the ovary knows how and when to ovulate.
These are FSH – RH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone – releasing hormone) and LH – RH (Leutenising/Lutenising Hormone – releasing hormone).
The hypothalamus sends RH messages known as gonodotrophics/gondoprophins – from gonad = ovary; trophic = nourishment – which feed and nourish the ovaries and support the secretion of oestrogen and progesterone.
The pituitary receives RH messages from the hypothalamus so that it can secrete stimulating hormones such as FSH and LH.
The ovaries produce oestrogen during the lead up to ovulation (follicular phase).
Just before ovulation, there is a surge of LH which signals the biggest follicle to burst and release its egg.
The empty follicle – the corpus luteum or yellow body – turns yellow.
The ovary produces progesterone, as well as oestrogen in this second half of her cycle (luteal phase).
If a fertilised egg embeds in the lining of the womb (endometrium), it has about a week to signal that it’s there, before the next period will occur as usual.
It does this by stimulating another hormone – hCG (human Chorionic Gonadotrophin).
The LH surge indicates the start of the ovulatory stage and is never signalled during ongoing pregnancy.
Progesterone production continues and, all being well, the lining of the womb remains intact.
The ovary regularly stops producing oestrogen and progesterone – approx 14 days after ovulation.
This causes the lining to shed and the first day of the next cycle begins.
Fertilisation to Implantation
Fertilisation occurs in the fallopian tube when one sperm binds to the outer membrane (cumulus oophorus/oophorous) of the egg.
It punctures the egg and shoots chemicals through the inner membrane (zona pellucida).
Instantly, the sperm head injects the ovum with its nuclear chromosomes.
Instantly, the shell of the ovum transforms into an impenetrable wall, which stops any further sperm from entering.
Strands of DNA flow through the shell fusing two cells.
Fertilisation has now occurred.
Nine days later, the fertilised ovum which is growing and multiplying, may implant in the lining of the womb, commencing pregnancy.
If the fertilised ovum does not implant, pregnancy does not commence – and the next period occurs.
Menstrual Hormones: The Hormonal Axis
The hypothalamus signals the pituitary, and then the pituitary signals the gonads (ovaries/testicles).
The gonads answer back, using different hormones.
This is known as the hormonal axis or route.
Delicate blood vessels are used in both directions to carry the messages – ie. the hypothalamus signals the pituitary to send FSH to the ovaries.
The ovaries then develop follicles and make oestrogen, to signal back.
When the pituitary receives this message, it stops sending oestrogen and shuts down the FSH supply.
If no oestrogen comes back along the axis, it cleverly detects this signal as ‘we need more FSH – start sending it again’.
And so the production cycle goes throughout the woman’s reproductive years.
Natural oestrogens are produced in the ovaries by the maturing follicle and in increasing amounts.
They are produced in the form of:
Oestradiol – an inactive form
Oestrone – a relatively inert form found mostly after the menopause
Oestriol – not very active, but large amounts are found in pregnancy
Stimulates growth of the vagina, uterus and oviducts.
Facilitates development of primordial follicles in the ovaries.
Inhibits FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) secretion from the ovary.
Stimulates endometrial proliferation.
Increases myometrial contractivity.
Stimulates growth of breasts with duct proliferation.
Promotes calcification of bones, female fat distribution and hair distribution.
The stroma of the ovaries produce androgens, androstenedione and testosterone – which is synthesised to oestrogen in the ovary and, peripherally, in body fat.
Oestrogens are metabolised by the liver.
About two-thirds of all oestrogens are excreted in urine and 10% in faeces via bile.
The rest are metabolised in other substances.
Too much oestrogen for too long can cause:
Chloasma – large pale brown patches – on the face.
Increased cervical mucus.
Headaches on and off the Pill.
Raised blood pressure.
Thrombophlebitis – inflammation of a wall of a leg vein associated with thrombosis.
Altered visual contours.
Urinary tract changes.
Abnormalities of clotting.
Thrombosis – cerebral and/or myocardial.
Altered Glucose Tolerance (in diabetics and non-diabetics).
Changes in liver function tests, thyroid and fat metabolism.
Increased fibroid growths, oestrogen dependent uterine or breast growths.
Increased epilepsy and threshold lowered.
Increased changes in benign liver tumours and gall bladder disease.
Oestrogenic effects in Natural Family Planning/Fertility Awareness (NFP/FA) may cause:
The lining of the womb (endometrium) starts to grow.
Cervix becomes softer, higher, open, wet, mucus appears and changes to the fertile type
Occasional Pill related effects of Oestrogen are:
Weight gain (oedema).
Excessive vaginal discharge.
There are two kinds of progesterone – natural and synthetic (progestogen).
Each cycle after ovulation, progesterone is produced:
By the corpus luteum in large amounts.
From ovarian stroma in small amounts.
Progesterone produces secretory changes, in the lining of the womb (endometrium), which were previously stimulated by oestrogens
It increases the growth of the smooth muscle tissue of the womb (myometrium).
It increases the secretory activity of the fallopian tube.
It increases motility of fallopian tube.
It aids the development of the glandular areas of the breasts.
Far greater amounts come from the corpus luteum after ovulation.
They are metabolised in the liver to pregnanediol.
About 1/5 of the progesterone made is excreted through urine.
Other progestogenic effects in the presence of oestrogen – but NOT POP dose – may cause:
Absent or scanty periods.
Acne – oily skin.
Increased facial hair growth.
Altered glucose tolerance (diabetics and non-diabetics).
Altered liver function.
Altered cholesterol concentrations in bile – bile thickens.
Altered lipid and fat metabolism.
There is also some suggestion – though not proven – that progestogenic effects may be associated with:
Loss of head hair.
Increased likelihood of thrush.
Progestogenic effects in Natural Family Planning/Fertility Awareness (NFP/FA) may result in:
Enriched lining of the womb (endometrium).
Mucus changing to infertile thick white plug.
Cervix (neck of the womb )becoming low, closed and dry.
Rise in base body temperature by 0.2°C.
Occasional Pill related effects of progestogen may cause:
8th November 2015SAFER SEX for healthy adults For protection against all Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), we recommend that you always: •Take universal precautions as a matter of routine – ie. ensure condoms or dental dams are used. •Consider any exchange, or potential exchange, of body fluid a risk – especially blood stained body fluid. •Cover any cuts
26th May 2017Many, if not all women, wonder at some time whether their vagina is healthy, or if something is changing ‘down there’ that they should do something about. Here is an extremely good BBC.co.uk podcast about Vaginal Health which answers the question: What makes a healthy vagina? A woman’s vagina relies on a specific
3rd April 2017My boyfriend is married but insists on having sex with me without a condom. I know he hardly has relations with his wife, but I feel I need to protect myself just in case. Though I’m sure she doesn’t have any disease, I’m worried about getting silent viruses – the type you get without any
3rd October 2015STATEMENT FROM THE CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS UNIT September 2015 Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare (FSRH) response to new data on quick- starting hormonal contraception after use of ulipristal acetate 30mg (ellaOne®) for emergency contraception. In 2010, the FSRH introduced guidelines supporting immediate commencement (“quick- start”) of hormonal contraception after administration of oral emergency contraception (EC).
13th May 2013Welcome to WillyWorries.com WillyWorries.com – Cartoon: The Willy Tree – “Willius Floppius Variegata” Cartoon of the Willy Tree or “Willius Floppius Varigata” This site contains information about different problems and issued that commonly affect ‘willy owners’ and their partners. We are adding to this site on a regular basis, so please check back from
9th April 2017I’ve recently been diagnosed with Chlamydia and so has my boyfriend. We have both now been treated. How long do we have to wait before we can resume a normal sexual relationship? – K Dear K Sorry about the Chlamydia, but at least it wasn’t gonorrhoea, which is now getting much harder to cure than
26th October 2015Why can’t I get a condom on easily ? How do I get a condom on ? Because there are several different shaped glans penises, you should try different condoms until you find one to suit you. Some men find that that they feel tight – but you will be able to find one that suits
11th October 2015I need advice on lasting longer in bed. I am only 24 years old but suffer from premature ejaculation. Sometimes I finish in 3 to 5 minutes. Is this a disease? If so, can it be cured? Or, is it I get too hyper and lose control so easy and fast ? Please help me
18th October 2015Premature ejaculation Premature ejaculation is a very common experience. It has been defined by Masters & Johnson – the US sex therapists, who pioneered sex therapy and research – to be when on at least 50% of occasions ejaculation happens before the partner is satisfied ! Others define it as being when the man ejaculates
15th October 2015What causes infection and what infections do they cause ? There are several different types of infection and genital condition, as well as many varieties within each type or group. Generally speaking, they are caused by: · Viruses. · Bacteria. · Other infectious organisms – eg. parasites. They cause: · Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) · Balanitis
18th October 2015Viruses, Bacteria & Other Infectious Organisms Viruses are the most widespread group of parasites. · They are visible only by using powerful electron microscopes. · They attack our immune system. · Antibiotics do not work against them. Currently, there’s no treatment – only alleviation of symptoms until such time as your immune system deals with
18th October 2015The Human Sexual Response There are 4 stages of human sexual response: Excitement or arousal This is when parasympathetic nerve impulses produce genital engorgement, vasodilatation and lubrication. Plateau This is when parasympathetic nerve impulses produce genital engorgement, vasodilation and lubrication. Orgasm This is when sympathetic and somatic nerve impulses cause rhythmical contractions of smooth and
13th February 2015Names and descriptions are being added for each photograph in the galleries. This is a hugely time consuming task but will help the site to be found by search engines. Please bear with us while we are reconstructing WillyWorries.com Thank you.
3rd November 2015To avoid a condom bursting during sex: · Ensure that all the air has been removed from the teat of the condom during application. If not, the pressure of ejaculation (at about 28 mph) increases the likelihood of the condom bursting under pressure. Condom bursting in contact with Baby Oil · Do not use oil
29th December 2015May the new year bring you good health, and good cheer, no unexplained or unwanted itches, discharges, sores or ulcers, lumps or bumps – or, unplanned pregnancies. Ensure you look after yourself – and don’t forget to use a condom (at the correct time – i.e. before ANY genital contact) – not after a quick
3rd January 2016A friend recently sent me a couple of quotes he heard, related to HIV, but appropriate for other situations. I hope they are as thought provoking for you, as they were when I first read them. ” A one eyed man is King, in “The Kingdom of The Blind’ ” The context he was talking
24th June 2015The History of the Sexplained® Cyber Clinics Way back in 2001, Helen J Knox, MD of Sexplained Ltd, (and owner of this site) was ‘The Virgin Sexpert’ holding a moderated chat room clinic for Sir Richard Branson’s internet company, Virgin Net. She did this each Monday evening for an hour, live online, fielding questions from
22nd April 2017Do you work in the field of sexual health, or want to do so? Are you a nurse, a doctor, a youth worker or a teacher? Do you have to explain the intricacies of sexual health to other people? Check out this HANDBOOK to Sexual Health USED by Nursing and Medical Staff at Leading
5th July 2017Just this week, BBC TV’s Victoria Derbyshire Show has been discussing labiaplasty (surgical alteration of the labia majora/labia minora ) stating that girls as young as NINE are requesting cosmetic surgery to alter their vulva!! What on earth is going on? It’s illegal to alter the genitals of a minor in the UK and most
6th April 2017This is an issue that’s been bothering me for some time but I have been too embarrassed to discuss it. My penis and scrotum are almost always shrivelled. Probably 98% of the day my genitals are in this “shrinkage” state. I know that issues like the air temperature and even stress can cause a man’s
17th May 2017I’m using Microynon 30®, one of the oldest Birth Control Pills – but I’m scared of getting HIV AIDS, genital herpes and genital warts because I’ve been told that even if I use a condom, I’m not protected against them, even if I use a condom alongside my birth control pills – and I’m really
11th October 2015New Boyfriend – Rimming and Anal Sex Request My new boyfriend loves to have oral sex with me, and puts his tongue in my rectum. Because I have always thought my behind is for waste only, I feel uncomfortable – but have not told him yet. One night he put his finger in; although it
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23rd July 2017Hi I’m just getting my head around Google+ and found that there’s a facility to build a community and let people interact – so I’ve opened one for WillyWorries.com as a ‘Contraception and Sexual Health’ community, which I am hoping will grow to be as popular and as well respected as the Cyber Clinics of
22nd April 2017Do you work with young people, know some or have some at home? Are you a parent, a teacher or a youth worker? Are you a nurse or doctor, new to the field of contraception or sexual health work? Do you have to explain the intricacies of sex-ed and sexual health to other people?
20th October 2015Some Unusual Things About Ejaculation ! Here are some unusual things about ejaculation: · Ejaculation is not always necessary to cause pregnancy. · 1,000 sperm are generated per second. · With erection, some 3 million sperm lie in wait in the clear pre-ejaculate near the tip of the glans penis. · Between 150 million to 600
15th October 2015Tips For That First Date: TEEN & STUDENT INFORMATION Advice when entering someone’s home for the first time Being alone with someone else, especially strangers Swapping Addresses or Phone Numbers Date Rape Rape What to do if you’re attacked Are there any organisations that help men with a history of violence ? Drink, Drugs &
3rd November 2015Oh no! It came off… What’s going on? To avoid the condom slipping off and staying inside after sex, it’s essential that the condom is held on the shaft of the penis during withdrawal. A penis ‘shrinks’ from its erect size and shape when returning to its flaccid state. If the condom does slip off and stay
14th October 2015TEEN & STUDENT INFORMATION SAFER DATING and STRANGER DANGER Clothing Theft & Pickpockets Mobile Phones & Handbags Men Hunt in Packs Lone Men Danger Casual Sex Accepting a Lift Mini-Cabs & Taxis SAFER DATING It’s wise to carry photographic ID (identification) as proof of your age and to prevent any embarrassing moments when trying to
18th October 2015STIs: Some Vital Statistics STIs can ruin lives. They can ruin the good thing you had, when your regular partner realises they’ve been cheated, deceived and their health is put at risk. According to World Health Organisation (WHO) statistics: · Excluding HIV and Hepatitis, the total estimated sexually transmitted infections (STIs) – is over 538 million. This
20th October 2015Retrograde ejaculation Retrograde ejaculation, or ejaculating backwards, in to the bladder, also has implications for fertility and is a common problem following prostatectomy – and also with diabetes. Occasionally, during masturbation, a young male prisoner will try to prevent anyone else from seeing that they’ve been masturbating, by putting their finger or thumb over the
11th October 2015My mother keeps telling me I should not have sex until after I’m 21 as cervical cancer runs in my family. She links it to early sex by my grandmother and two aunts. She does not have it but said she started having sex at 16, my present age, and suffered emotionally and otherwise because
18th October 2015Men: Refractory period – lasting minutes or hours Ejaculation commonly occurs with orgasm – although they are two separate events: ejaculation is the act; orgasm is the feeling. · Ejaculation may be forward or backward. · Forward is necessary for pregnancy. · Retrograde – ie. backwards into the bladder – is common after prostatectomy. ·
1st November 2016Click here for more information: 1st November, 2016 UPDATE: Sexplained Books are now available as animated, interactive publications for iPads and other devices. Here’s the link for iBooks, where you can download a sample to your device and read through your iBooks App.
29th October 2015Why do condoms slip off and stay inside during sex ? If you don’t have a fully erect penis – or if you haven’t unrolled the condom fully and correctly to the hair line – it’s more likely to slip during use. You should check occasionally during sex to make sure that the condom is
15th October 2015TESTICLULAR FACTS Testicular Torsion Testicular Hydrocele Testicular Cancer Testicular Self-Examination What else you should look out for: Testicular torsion, hydrocele, cancer, and testicular self examination Testicular Torsion Torsion is when a testicle gets twisted in your scrotum and its blood and oxygen supply are cut off. · It’s extremely painful and requires quick medical attention.
24th November 2015Torsion is more likely if: •The onset of pain is sudden. •The pain is severe. •Tests performed during the initial visit show neither the presence of a urethritis nor probable urinary tract infection. •Torsion is more common in men who are under 20 years of age – predominantly adolescents – but it can occur at
15th October 2015What you should know before sex with a new partner ? If you’re a virgin, and your partner’s also a virgin, you’re having sex and contact with the germs of just one person. If you’re a virgin and your first partner has had sex with, for example, 5 people, you’re having sex and contact with
18th June 2015
Archive Contraception Information General Info Genital Skin Conditions (non-STI) Men's Health Sexual Health The Contraception Gallery The Sexplained Column The Sick Willy Gallery (STIs) The Vulva Gallery The Willy GalleryHi In the years gone by, we operated three interactive environments, now commonly recognised as a forums. We are bringing this feature back to WillyWorries.com At present, it is not accepting posts but we will update with further information once it’s able to accept posts and replies again. People helped each other with over 15,000 questions and
15th January 2016If you are teaching young people, or merely interested in pornography, here’s something to make you think about the difference between real sex and porn sex. It’s particularly useful if you are explaining the difference to young people.
11th February 2016According to the World Health Organisation: There is compelling evidence that male circumcision reduces the risk of heterosexually acquired HIV infection in males by approximately 60%. Three randomized controlled trials have shown that male circumcision provided by well trained health professionals in properly equipped settings is safe. WHO/UNAIDS recommendations emphasize that male circumcision should be considered
12th October 2015My Girlfriend’s Shy About Her Breasts I am going out with a girl who loves sex and gives me a good time. But the weird thing is that I cannot touch her breasts. If I try to kiss her nipples or caress her breasts, she gets cold immediately. It’s really weird. Even during love-making she
21st October 2016Update: Both Sexplained Books have been uploaded to Apple’s iBooks / iTunes system for review. If accepted, they will be available for download through their system in approximately 30 days. We are also adding them to other platforms and will update information about their availability here, and on our other websites. In the meantime, here
4th November 2015Why can I use condoms with water based lubricant and not products like Vaseline® or Baby Oil ? Oil interacts with the latex of the condom and perishes it in a relatively short period of time. Water based lubricants do not. Oil based lubricants are only safe to use with nitrile or polyurethane male or
3rd April 2017Every now and then I get redness on my penis that then turns into little white spots that go away a day or two later. It doesn’t hurt, but it is unsightly. Thankfully, whenever I wash them they begin to peel away. In the past, I have gotten outbreaks of warts down there but they’re
12th February 2016Valentine’s Day Is Coming – check this out: Rape and consent: What you need to know before you have sex “It is respect, it is decency, it is empathy and it is the cornerstone of a good, healthy sexual encounter” written by Katie Russell for The Independent newspaper, although she works for Rape Crisis Tuesday 3 November
26th October 2015Why are condoms are too big for me ? Condoms fit all sizes of adult penis. Tighter, smaller condoms are now available. If you’re young, it’s sensible to wait until you are fully grown before trying to have sex. Alternatively your partner could use a Female Condom. See FEMALE CONDOM information.
8th November 2015SEXUAL HEALTH IN PREGNANCY Stop! No sex without a condom. Safer Sex IN and After Pregnancy Condoms, Condoms, Condoms. If you want to try for a baby each of you will want to know that you’re safe from infection. •For your sexual health – and your baby’s wellbeing – you and your partner should be